3 Lost Ancient Cities Rediscovered in the Last Century

MMariana October 3, 2023 11:16 PM

In the realm of archaeology, nothing is as exciting as the rediscovery of a lost ancient city. These archaeological finds not only transpose us back thousands of years but also help us understand the socio-cultural and historical context of the bygone eras. This article explores three such lost ancient cities that were unearthed in the last century.

Rediscovery of Troy

One of the most significant archaeological finds was the rediscovery of the infamous city of Troy. Long thought to be a myth, this ancient city was brought to light in the late 19th century by the German archaeologist, Heinrich Schliemann.

Located in what is now Turkey, Troy was a city of great importance both historically and mythologically. It is best known for the Trojan War, as depicted in Homer's epic, The Iliad. The site, which dates back to 3000 BC, revealed nine different cities built one over the other with a complex system of walls and fortifications. The rediscovery of Troy provided a tangible reality to the Homeric legends and significantly contributed to the field of archaeology.

Excavation of Knossos

The second ancient city on our list is Knossos, the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete. Sir Arthur Evans, a British archaeologist, began excavating Knossos at the beginning of the 20th century.

Knossos was the ceremonial and political center of the Minoan civilization and culture. The city, dating back to 7000 BC, is often associated with the myth of Theseus and the Minotaur. Its rediscovery unveiled the rich history of the Minoan civilization, and the famous palace complex stands as a testament to their advanced architectural skills.

Unearthing of Machu Picchu

Lastly, we travel to South America to the lost city of the Incas, Machu Picchu. Discovered in 1911 by American historian Hiram Bingham, this city is situated on a ridge above the Sacred Valley in Peru.

Machu Picchu, built in the 15th century and abandoned during the Spanish Conquest, is an outstanding example of man's interaction with his natural environment. It's one of the few ancient cities that remained well-preserved, offering valuable insights into the Inca civilization.

Rediscovered City Location Known For
Troy Turkey Trojan War, Homeric Legends
Knossos Crete Center of Minoan Civilization, Myth of Theseus and Minotaur
Machu Picchu Peru Lost City of Incas, Remarkable Preservation

Each of these rediscovered ancient cities has significantly contributed to our understanding of ancient civilizations. Archaeologists continue to explore and uncover the secrets hidden within these cities, promising more revelations in the future. So, we continue to watch the world of archaeology with bated breath, eager to witness the next big discovery.

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