6 Architectural Wonders from the Ancient World

DDiana March 10, 2024 7:01 AM

When we think of stunning architecture, modern skyscrapers like the Burj Khalifa or historical monuments like the Eiffel Tower might come to mind. But let's rewind the clock and look at the 6 architectural wonders from the ancient world, built by civilizations who, without modern technology, created masterpieces that still stand tall and proud.

The Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza, the oldest and most intact of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, is a testament to the architectural prowess of the Ancient Egyptians. It was built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu, around 2580–2560 BC. The pyramid, standing at 481 feet tall, was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.

The Parthenon

Next up in our journey through ancient architectural wonders is the Parthenon. This ancient temple stands on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece and of Athenian democracy, and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments.

The Colosseum

The Colosseum or Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an oval amphitheatre in the center of the city of Rome, Italy. It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. The Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests, public spectacles, and dramas based on Classical mythology.

The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications that were built across the historical northern borders of ancient Chinese states and Imperial China as protection against various nomadic groups from the Eurasian Steppe. With a total length of 21,196 km, it is one of the most impressive architectural feats in history.


Petra, originally known to its inhabitants as Raqmu, is a historical and archaeological city in southern Jordan. Petra is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system. It lies on the slope of Jebel al-Madhbah and is believed to have been the capital of the Nabatean Kingdom.

Machu Picchu

Last but not least on our list of architectural wonders from the ancient world is Machu Picchu. Often mistakenly referred to as the 'Lost City of the Incas', it is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization. Built in the 15th century, it was abandoned just over 100 years later in the wake of the Spanish Conquest.

Architectural Wonders Location Civilization
The Great Pyramid of Giza Egypt Ancient Egyptians
The Parthenon Greece Ancient Greece
The Colosseum Italy Ancient Rome
The Great Wall of China China Ancient Chinese
Petra Jordan Nabatean Kingdom
Machu Picchu Peru Inca Civilization

These six sites provide a glimpse into the architectural capabilities of ancient civilizations. Their construction methods and the purposes they served give us insight into their cultures, beliefs, and societal structure. They are more than just tourist destinations; they are live architectural museums where the past comes alive.

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